The spine, also called the backbone provides stability, smooth movement, and protects the delicate spinal cord. It consists of bony segments called vertebrae and fibrous tissue called intervertebral discs.
  • North American Spine Society
  • INOVA Fair Oaks Hospital
  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Inova Health System
  • Pennsylvania Hospital